Twain—Episode One hundred seventy-three–Seneschal v Morholt

Heather

Mother, knitter, spinner, writer, wife, weaver, host...not necessarily in that order...

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6 Responses

  1. Kai says:

    Definitions of Seneschal and Morhalt:

    seneschal [ˈsɛnɪʃəl]
    n
    1. (Historical Terms) a steward of the household of a medieval prince or nobleman who took charge of domestic arrangements, etc.
    2. (Christianity / Ecclesiastical Terms) Brit a cathedral official
    [from Old French, from Medieval Latin siniscalcus, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German senescalh oldest servant, from sene- old + scalh a servant]

    Collins English Dictionary — Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003

    Morholt

    In Arthurian legend, Morholt (also called Marhalt, Morold, Marhaus and other variations) is an Irish warrior who demands tribute from King Mark of Cornwall until he is slain by Tristan, Mark’s nephew and defender. He appears in almost all versions of the Tristan and Iseult story, beginning with the verse works of Thomas of Britain and Béroul. The authors of later romances expanded the Morholt’s role; in works like the Prose Tristan, the Post-Vulgate Cycle, and Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur, he is a Knight of the Round Table before his fateful encounter with Tristan. In many versions, Morholt’s name is prefaced with a definite article (i.e., The Morholt) as if it were a rank or a title, but scholars have found no reason for this. [1]

    In the early material, Morholt is the brother of the Queen of Ireland and the uncle of Tristan’s future love (both mother and daughter are named Iseult). He comes to Cornwall to collect tribute owed to his country, but Tristan agrees to battle the champion on the remote Saint Samson’s Isle to release his people from the debt. Tristan mortally wounds Morholt, leaving a piece of his sword in the Irishman’s skull, but Morholt stabs him with a poisoned spear and escapes to Ireland to die. The injured Tristan eventually travels to Ireland incognito to receive healing from the Iseult the Younger, but is found out when the queen discovers the piece of metal found in her brother’s head fits perfectly into a chink in Tristan’s blade.

    The prose romances add many more details to Morholt’s career; the Post-Vulgate and Malory record his adventures with the young Gawain and Ywain early in King Arthur’s reign. In the later versions, Tristan takes Morholt’s place at the Round Table when he joins the company himself.

    Hope that helps!!!

  2. Bonnee says:

    I’m coming in late as I’m just catching up after having the summer off, but I wanted to add to your definition of Yankee. Being one, born and bred, raised and could never live elsewhere, the word I usually associate with my fellow Northeasterners and people of CT is “stalwart”. It kind of sums up that pragmatic, practical, nose-to-the-grindstone kind of attitude with which we face life. Give us a problem and we solve it. We don’t care why or who’s to blame. We only care about solving it and moving on to the next item. I was going to put this on Ravelry, but thought this site might have more traffic and would love to see more people’s thoughts on us Yankees.

  3. Alyssa says:

    help I can’t find the play button!

  4. noricum says:

    Milk was probably used to remove ink not because the fat content “makes it similar to soap”, but there’s some property of milk that helps remove ink.  (Just like lemon juice helps remove rust.)  The milk trick for removing ink was taught in my home ec class in junior high.

    Although soap is made from fat/oil, it goes through a chemical process (eg. with lye), where one end of the hydrophobic carbon chain is made hydrophilic (water-loving), allowing it to act as an emulsifier.

    Parchment was used not just because they wanted to make use of the whole animal, but because there wasn’t any better options.  Paper hadn’t been invented yet, and clay and wax tablets are heavy and bulky.  In fact, when paper was invented, parchment was still considered better, but was more expensive (and not sufficient quantity).

  5. Sandy says:

    Okay, I changed the feed in my podcast downloader to:

    http://craftlit.libsyn.com/rss

    That worked.

  6. Barb says:

    Heather,

    The mp3 download link only provides 4K of data – not nearly enough for 2 chapters.  I didn’t check the IPod download.

    Are you counting the days till the UK?  I am (and I’m going before you do — whee!!!)

    Barb